to study DNA and proteins have experienced great advancements
in the last decade. After the conclusion of the Human Genome
Project in 2001, which was a hallmark of a new era in genomics,
the focus of interest of researchers in different fields has
shifted to the small variations in our genome, known as SNPs
(single nucleotide polymorphisms).
Likewise, the advancements
in the omic sciences in general (proteomics, metabolomics)
have revolutionized the way we understand biological, physiological
and clinical processes. Actually, the omic sciences have broadened
considerably the way we investigate and understand those processes.
The identification of SNP regions
in our genome as well as the expression of molecular markers will
be able to shed new light on the mechanisms that regulate different
phenotypes, including the ones linked to sports aptitude. The technology
advancements in these fields might lead to the discovery of biomarkers
for sports aptitude, which will be extremely important to guide
young athletes in the beginning of their careers.
Further, these biomarkers can be
used in various fields of medicine, as well as in pharmacology and
sports medicine. Therefore, we will develop this project with an
aim to create tools to help in the counseling of our young athletes,
using omic markers detected in our elite athletes from different